Biodiversity is the variety of plant and animal life in our world or a particular habitat that is considered to be important and desirable
All Earth’s species work together to survive and maintain their ecosystems. Much of the Earth’s biodiversity, however, is in jeopardy due to human consumption and other activities that disturb and even destroy ecosystems. Conservation efforts are necessary to preserve biodiversity and protect endangered species and their habitats. That is why Private Reserves, like Kapama, play a huge role in conserving and protecting our natural resources across multiple ecosystems.
How are Trees Contributing to Biodiversity?
Forests and trees provide ecosystem services. Trees provide soil and water conservation, facilitate carbon sequestration, improve biodiversity and increase the number of pollinators and natural pest predators, like birds. At least 1/3 of the world’s crops depends upon pollination provided by insects and other animals.
How do they contribute otherwise?
The Marula Tree Provides fruit that is rich in calcium and a nut inside that is rich in protein. Many animals such as Impala, Kudu, Nyala, Baboon, Warthogs, Elephants and many other, indulge in this fruit. Not to mention the Birds and Insects. The bark is consumed by Elephants to obtain all the nutrients minerals and glucose that is stored in the tree’s cambium layer. The Larvae phase of the African moth relies on the leaves of this tree as food and later on becomes a pollinator. Not only for that tree but a wide variety of trees.
The Knob Thorn Tree is browsed by animals such as Kudu, Elephant and Giraffes as it is very nutritious. Elephants, Porcupines and warthogs will consume the roots, and the bark helps Elephants fight tooth decay. Giraffes, Baboons and Vervet monkeys eat the
flowers as they have twice as much protein. Birds tend to nest in cavities in the bark, and vultures love to nest in them (our natural carrion eaters and Important for disease control)